Write a 16 pages paper on comparing and contrasting philosophers on broad themes of philosophy. Opinions revolved around the ideas of the primacy of the nation, the individual and self-determination as opposed to religion and the state as being the vital units of law, economy and politics. The original contributors include Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, John Stuart Mill, Aristotle, Marx Weber and Locke. Most of these political philosophers were mostly Romans or from ancient Greek. Later on, after various evolutions occurred in their economies the aspect of liberalism broadened to embrace other approaches and liberalism itself adopted other ideologies. There are also many views and debates on what liberalism constitutes of1. The broad aspects reviewed in the paper are political economy, political philosophy and political science.
John Stuart Mill was the eldest son of James Mill an economist. His Benthamite father ensured John Mill got proper education and in accordance with his rigorous expectations. At the age of 3 years, John Stuart Mill had learned Greek and at the age of eight years, he learned Latin. John Mill was already a formidable intellectual though he was emotionally depressed by the time he reached adulthood. He abandoned the Benthamite teachings and improved the field of political economy after his recovery from a nervous breakdown. His book, “Principles of Political Economy”, became the top economics coursebook for almost 40 years after its publication2. The book generally elaborated on the ideas of Adam Smith and David Ricardo, which basically revolved around the aspects of political science. He assisted in developing opportunity cost, comparative advantage and economies of scale in trade. His approaches were different from other philosophers as he concentrated mostly on trade.
Mill respected a lot the freedom of thought and speech. His defense mechanism on freedom was backed up by two major philosophies. First, he stated that if everyone was allowed to make their own choices then there would be the maximization of the society.