Write a 10 pages paper on knee replacement design. The paper focuses on and discusses parameters influencing the level of activities patients to engage in after the knee replacement process. This is important in understanding the different aspects allowing normal high flexion owing to the implant design. The motion range attributed to flexion and other constraints is tied to the systematic design employed in knee replacement surgery. New total knee replacement designs should be directed towards increased flexion ranges of motion generating movement closer to natural knees.
Total knee replacement refers to the surgical procedure used in the replacement of surfaces that bear weight in the knee joint with the aim of reducing pain and averting possible disability. The necessity for knee surgery is occasioned by osteoarthritis and other arthritis-related diseases affecting the knees. Cartilage defects, ligament tears, and meniscus tears might further occasion the surgery. The history of knee replacement surgery attempts is long, but of importance is the first total knee replacement surgery carried out in 1968 heralding the dawn of a new era in terms of progress on dealing with the problem affecting millions of people globally.
The progress noted is related to techniques, surgical materials, and design of implants in efforts of increasing the effectiveness of knee replacement and in essence contributing to it being amongst the most successful surgery procedure across the globe. Pioneers in the industry include Leslie Gordon Percival Shiers, Leonard Marmor, Frank Gunston, and John Insall. The replacement of knees has been performed for over forty years with immeasurable rates of success recorded coupled with numerous challenges. Knee replacement has been identified to contribute to the relief of pain and improved functionality of the replacement. In other words, the history can be described as an innovative one witnessing immense improvements in design as well operation methods contributing to the extension of the lifespan of the knee replacement as well as a reduction in identified negative effects (Lloyd and Wainwright et al., 2012).