I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Existence Perceive Essence. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. The question of what is the essence of human existence has got many answers offered by different philosophers, writers, scientists, psychologists, etc. However, no one knows which answer is correct, if there is any at all.
The aim of the paper is to analyze three different existential literary works, namely, Albert Camus’s The Stranger, Christopher Hitchens’s Letters to a Young Contrarian, and Henry David Thoreau’s Walden. These three authors have different writing styles. Moreover, the periods they lived or live are different and, hence, their world-views and philosophical interpretation of the purpose of human existence differ too. However, these three authors have one characteristic in common, which is the fact that they are existentialists.
Albert Camus’s The Stranger (L’Etranger) was written in 1938 and published in 1942. Meursault, an anti-hero, often has to make choices. This fact is very important in the idea of existentialism. Meursault does not have a set of values a normal human being has. He does not believe in God. Furthermore, the murder of a person without any motive for that shows him as some abnormal creature. Even though he gets a life sentence for his crime, he accepts it as some form of “the benign indifference of the universe” (Camus 96). Paradoxically, in one of his essays, Camus speaks of his novel The Stranger as of a “story of a man who, without any heroics, agrees to die for the truth” (qtd. in Scherr 187).
Analyzing the life path of the author himself, the explanation to the existentialist outlook can be found in the life hardships, unbearable poverty, WWII experience, as well as the horrors of the Nazi regime Camus had to go through during his life. The negative perception of reality and the pessimistic mood of his works represent the logical outcome of the author’s life difficulties. At the same time, however, the author was hoping for the better.