You will prepare and submit a term paper on Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Skin Cancer. Your paper should be a minimum of 1750 words in length. Lastly, Melanoma is produced from melanocytes so the tumor is usually brown or black (American Cancer Society 2010). Skin cancer develops on body parts such as the ears, chest, neck, hands, arms, lips, scalp, and face exposed to the sun. It is significant to note that it can also develop on parts that are rarely exposed to ultraviolet light such as solar radiation.
The high cancer rate in young women is likely a reflection of the impact of tanning beds to skin cancer incidence. Skin melanoma is rare cancer compared to basal and squamous cell skin cancers. However, it is associated with a much higher rate of metastases and mortality and occurs more commonly in whites than other races (American Cancer Society 2010).
The incidence of skin carcinomas is noted to be increasing in the past few years. At the current rate, it is predicted that 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer in his/her lifetime. This increase has been linked to increased solar radiation exposure associated with tanning behaviors. The use of artificial tanning beds has also been connected. Skin cancer can present as any kind of skin lesions such as an ulcer or lump, and can, therefore, be mistaken by the patient as a benign process. This often leads to a delay in diagnosis until cancer has reached an advanced stage. Considering the significance of skin cancer and the significant research interest surrounding the strength of association between sun exposure and skin cancer. The objectives of this review are to discuss risk factors, diagnosis, management, and prevention of skin cancers.
The young women demographic group, in particular, has the highest increase in cancer incidence noted. Melanoma is the second most common cancer in women ages 20 to 29-year-old. Studies show no link between sex hormones and melanoma risk, and young women are the most common users of indoor tanning beds (American Cancer Society, 2010).
The ultraviolet (UV) component of solar radiation has traditionally been considered an important ‘carcinogen’. In the past few decades, the emergence of indoor tanning booths has emerged as another source of UV radiation exposure. Ultraviolet light has three components: UVA, UVB, and UVC. UVB is the most dangerous but also enhances vitamin D production in the skin. .UVA is less carcinogenic, and UVC is not at all (Zhang et al., 2012). .