Hello, I am looking for someone to write an article on Rwandan Genocide and Reparations. It needs to be at least 1500 words. This genocide began after President Habyarimana’s plane was fatally attacked on April 6 1994 at Kigali Airport. According to Kroslak (2007), this went on until the Rwandan Patriotic Front, RPF, dominated by the Tutsis defeated the genocidal regime made up of militia and government forces in July of the same year. The extremist Hutus killed a moderate number of Hutus and more than 800,000 Tutsis.
The Tutsis and the Hutus are two peoples sharing a common past. The initial inhabitants of Rwanda raised cattle. Soon, those who owned most of these cattle came to be referred to as the Tutsi while the rest were called Hutu (Kroslak, 2007). Then, categories could easily be changed through cattle acquisition or marriage.
However, when Europeans came to colonize Rwanda, Tutsi and Hutu took on a racial perspective. The first to colonize Rwanda were the Germans, who considered the Tutsis to have more European traits such as tallness and lighter skin, therefore, giving them positions of responsibilities. The departure of Germans after World War I saw Belgians taking over, further solidifying this categorization by imposing a rule for everyone to acquire an identity card labeling them as Hutu, Tutsi or Twa, the latter being a minority group of Rwandese hunters and gatherers. Belgians allocated leadership posts to Tutsis despite them constituting only 10% of the population against Hutu’s 90%. This caused the Hutu to be upset. During the struggle for independence, the Belgians switched and put the Hutu majority in charge of the government. The Tutsis got upset (Rombouts, 2004). This animosity between the two groups persisted for decades.
Early in the 1990s, the Hutu extremists drawn from Rwanda’s political elite attributed the increased political, social and economic pressures in the country to the entire Tutsi population. Furthermore, the Tutsi civilians were accused of sympathizing with the RPF, a rebel group dominated by the Tutsis. .